How to Title an Essay Effectively and Successfully - CompareDjawebInfo

How to Title an Essay Effectively and Successfully

Skip to main content

  1. Indian River State College

  2. LibGuides

  3. MLA Style Guide, 8th Edition

  4. About MLA

MLA Style Guide, 8th Edition: About MLA

This LibGuide reflects the changes to MLA style as directed by the MLA Handbook, Eighth Edition.

  • About MLA

  • Works Cited entries: What to Include

  • Works Cited Core Elements


    Toggle Dropdown

    • Author

    • Title of source

    • Title of container

    • Other contributors

    • Version

    • Number

    • Publisher

    • Publication date

    • Location

    • Optional Elements

  • Works Cited Examples


    Toggle Dropdown

    • Book with Personal Author(s)

    • Book with Organization as Author

    • Book with Editor(s)

    • Parts of Books

    • Government Publication

    • Journal Article

    • Magazine Article

    • Media

    • Multivolume Works

    • Newspaper Article

    • Other Formats

    • Poetry

    • Websites, Social Media, and Email

  • Works Cited Practice

  • In-text Citations


    Toggle Dropdown

    • About In-text Citations

    • In-text Examples

    • How to Paraphrase and Quote

    • Citing Poetry

  • Formatting Your MLA Paper

  • Formatting Your Works Cited List

  • MLA Annotated Bibliography

  • MLA 8th Edition Quick Guide

  • MLA Faculty Resources

  • NEW!* Submit your Paper for MLA Review

Information about MLA Changes

The MLA Handbook, 8th Edition was published in April 2016 and adopted by IRSC Libraries in August 2016. Many databases and citation generators have updated to the 8th edition. Please check with your instructor about which version of MLA to use in your assignments.

Visit the IRSC LibGuide for MLA, 7th Edition.

MLA Works Cited Core Elements

The core elements of any entry in the Works Cited list are shown in the chart below. The core elements are in the order in which they should appear, followed by the appropriate punctuation mark. If an element cannot be found or does not apply to the source being cited, omit that element from the entry. End the entry with a period.

Each core element is explained in detail with examples on its own page under the Works Cited Entries Core Elements dropdown menu.

MLA Core Elements with Punctuation

Image credit: Modern Language Association. MLA core elements. 2016, www.mla.org/MLA-Style/What-s-New-in-the-Eighth-Edition.

MLA References

The standard citation style guide for the humanities, especially languages and literature, is the MLA Handbook, 8th edition, 2016. The Modern Language Association of America (MLA) publishes the manual. It is commonly referred to it as the "MLA Manual" or the "MLA Handbook".

The English departments at IRSC recommend MLA format for papers written in these fields.

Two types of citations are included in most research papers: citations within the text of the document and a list of reference citations at the end of the paper.

In-Text Citations:

In-text citations appear in the body of your paper. They identify your use of an idea or quotation from one of your sources. The MLA Handbook uses the author-page citation system for in-text citations. 

Reference Citations:

Information about the sources you use in your work are included as a separate list at the end of the paper.  The MLA Handbook suggests using the title, "Works Cited", for the list.

Any source information that you provide in an in-text citation must correspond to a source in your Works Cited page.

Major Changes in the Eighth Edition

  • If a core element does not exist or cannot be found, simply omit the element from the Works Cited entry. Placeholders including "n.d." for "no date" and "n.p." for "no publisher" are no longer used.
  • For sources with three or more authors, list the first author’s name followed by ", et al.".
  • The city of publication for books is no longer included.
  • Journal volumes and issues are now formatted: "vol. 12, no. 3,".
  • If a journal issue includes a publication month or season include that in the publication date, like: "Spring 2016," or "Jan. 2016,".
  • If an organization is both the author and the publisher, list the organization only once as the publisher and begin the citation with the title.
  • Include a DOI (digital object identifier) when available using the format "doi:############." If a DOI is not available, use a stable URL.
  • The URL, without http:// or https://, should be included for Web sources. Angle brackets are no longer used.
  • The source’s medium (Print. Web., etc.) is no longer included.
  • In the Works Cited entry, "p." is used before citing a page number and "pp." is used before citing a page range. These are not used in the in-text citation.

Read more about the changes to the new edition in this article from the Modern Language Association .

About this Guide

Always refer to the MLA Handbook for authorized examples of citations.

Some of the citations in this guide are taken from the MLA Handbook; others are recommendations from IRSC librarians.

Always ask your instructor for specific directions pertaining to your assignment.

MLA Handbook




  • MLA Handbook
    by The Modern Language Association of America

    ISBN: 1603292624
    Publication Date: 2016-04-01

A copy of this manual is available in all IRSC campus libraries.

Licensing

Indian River State College

Creative Commons License
MLA Style Guide, 8th Edition LibGuide by Angie Neely-Sardon, Indian River State College is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License .
Based on a work at https://style.mla.org/ .
Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at http://irsc.libguides.com/prf.php?account_id=63648 .

  • Next: Works Cited entries: What to Include >>

  • Last Updated: Sep 6, 2018 11:41 AM
  • URL: https://irsc.libguides.com/mla
  • Print Page
Login to LibApps

Subjects:
APA/CSE/MLA

Tags:
8th_edition , angie_neely-sardon , annotated_bibliography , bibliography , citation , citations , format citation , indian_river_state_college , in_text_citations , irsc , mla , mla_8th , mla_citation , mla_eighth_edition , mla_handbook , mla_handbook_8th_edition , mla_paper , mla_style , modern_language_association , quotations , quotes , works_cited




Twitter |
Facebook |
YouTube |
Pinterest II

rows
eNotes
search

Homework Help



>

Boys and Girls


When writing an essay, do you have to italicize the name of the author as well as the book title?

  • print Print
  • document PDF
  • list Cite

Expert Answers

Karen P.L. Hardison eNotes educator | Certified Educator

The author or authors’ name or names are never italicized. Adhering to the rules of capitalization, authors’ names are written in the normal way. There are several academic writing styles–and one, Associated Press ( AP ), specialized for journalism–and though they differ on some points of writing style, they consistently agree that authors’ names are not italicized. The one exception to this is when an author’s name forms part of a book or play title,…

The author or authors’ name or names are never italicized. Adhering to the rules of capitalization, authors’ names are written in the normal way. There are several academic writing styles–and one, Associated Press ( AP ), specialized for journalism–and though they differ on some points of writing style, they consistently agree that authors’ names are not italicized. The one exception to this is when an author’s name forms part of a book or play title, such as in this made-up example, After Jane Austen Wrote and Came to Dinner.

The various writing style guides used for academic writing are put out by these organizations: Modern Language Association (MLA), used in literature and other language-centered academic writing; Associated Psychology Association (APA), used for academic writing in social sciences; University of Chicago, Chicago Manual of Style (CMS), used by various academic institutions and by some journalistic institutions; Turabian , based upon CMS but simplified for unpublished academic works; Harvard University, Harvard Author-Date style , used widely for general academic writing.

None of these style guides allow for putting author names in italics. For the short story “Boys and Girls,” your reference in MLA style would specify Alice Munro, “Boys and Girls,” Dance of the Happy Shades.

Further Reading:
https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/purdue_owl.html
https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/apa_styl…
https://www.enotes.com/topics/boys-girls/critical-essays/…

  • list Cite
  • link Link

Related Questions

  • How is the essay topic “the significance of an individual’s attempt to live unconstrained by…
  • eNotes educator1 educator answer
  • How did the narrator change when Mack died in Boys and Girls?
  • eNotes educator1 educator answer
  • Where and when does the story “Boys and Girls” by Alice Munro take place?
  • eNotes educator2 educator answers
  • What perspective does she (narrator) have on the event in the story “Boys and Girls?”
  • eNotes educator2 educator answers
  • How does the setting have an impact on the interaction of the characters in the story “Boys and…
  • eNotes educator1 educator answer

More Boys and Girls Questions »

thanatassa eNotes educator | Certified Educator

There are several styles used in writing academic papers. “Style” in this context means a complete set of standards for things such as citation format, title page, font, spacing, abbreviations, and punctuation. Which style you should use depends on your academic discipline, country, and the instructor’s preferences. In the United States and Canada, the most common academic styles are MLA (Modern Languages Association), Chicago (University of Chicago Press), and APA (American Psychological Association), while journalists tend to follow AP (Associated Press) style. In Britain and Europe, MHRA (Modern Humanities Research Association) style is common for academic papers. 

Alice Munro’s “Boys and Girls” is actually a short story in a book entitled Dance of the Happy Shades. In most styles, neither the author’s name nor the name of a short story is italicized, but the title of the book containing the story is italicized. You should also note that in British English, you should use single quotation marks and place punctuation outside the quotation marks, whereas in U.S. English one uses double quotation marks and places punctuation inside the closing quotation mark. 

Further Reading:
https://www.enotes.com/topics/boys-girls

  • list Cite
  • link Link

William Delaney eNotes educator | Certified Educator

No, you never italicize the name of the author, and you only italicize the title of the work if it is a book. If you are referring to a short story you put the title of the story in quotes. This is what you should do if your essay is about Alice Munro’s story “Boys and Girls.” (Notice that the period at the end of the sentence comes inside the closing quotation mark.) Titles of poems and essays and other short pieces are also put in quotes. Titles of plays are customarily italicized. You can see in the reference link below how Alice Munro’s “Boys and Girls” is set off in quotes.

  • list Cite
  • link Link

Read the study guide:

Boys and Girls

Access hundreds of thousands of answers with a free trial.

Start Free Trial

Ask a Question

Popular Questions

  • What is the theme of “Boys and Girls” by Alice Munro?
  • eNotes educator1 educator answer
  • What are the main characters in the story “Boys and Girls” by Alice Munro?
  • eNotes educator2 educator answers
  • Near the end of “Boys and Girls” the narrator chooses to open the gate to let Flora escape. What…
  • eNotes educator1 educator answer
  • “Boys and Girls” by alice munroneed thesis points
  • eNotes educator1 educator answer
  • What are 6 symbols and images in the short story “Boys and Girls” by Alice Munro?
  • eNotes educator2 educator answers

More Boys and Girls Questions »

Additional Links

  • Boys and Girls Summary
  • Boys and Girls Themes
  • Boys and Girls Characters
  • Boys and Girls Analysis
  • Boys and Girls Lesson Plans
  • Alice Munro Biography

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience.
Learn more.
Got it!